148/150: Learn more about this Canadian rarity

Animalia: Arthropoda: Insecta: Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Larentiinae: Xanthorhoini: Xanthorhoe clarkeata (Douglas Ferguson, 1987)

The Xanthorhoe clarkeata are a newly discovered species of geometrid moth as of 1987. They live primarily on the Haida Gwaii Islands of British Columbia. This species is likely endemic to only these islands, making it a rare and unique species to Canada. Much like most geometrid moths, the females of X. clarkeata are totally wingless! The odd traits don’t end there, the unusual larval form of geometrid moths are known as inchworms. They gain their name from their interesting looping movement pattern thanks to a complete lack of legs in their middle section. Since the caterpillars only have two pairs of rear legs and three pairs of front legs, they anchor their rear legs, extend, and pull their body forward with their front legs giving the appearance of “inching” forward or “measuring” the earth as they walk. The movement of the caterpillars also gives way to their Greek family name: “Geometridae” or “earth measurer”. There are 2,188 geometrid moths with barcodes on BOLD. #Canada150 #Biodiversity150

Specimen CNCLEP00034073 – Graham Island, British Columbia – 27-Jul-1981. Photo Credit: Jeremy deWaard, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics
Specimen CCDB-20269-B09 – Graham Island, British Columbia – 27-Jul-1985. Photo Credit: CBG Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics

Here’s the barcode sequence information for this species:

Process ID: LNAUS1730-13

nucleotide sequence

AACTTTATATTTTATTTTTGGAATTTGAGCAGGAATAATTGGAACATCTTTAAGTTTATTAATTCGAGCCGAATTAGGAAATCCAGGATCCTTAATTGGAGATGATCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTTACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTCTTCATAGTAATACCTATTATAATCGGAGGATTTGGTAATTGATTGGTACCTTTAATGTTAGGGGCCCCTGATATAGCATTCCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGATTACTACCACCTTCAATTACTTTATTAATTTCAAGAAGAATTGTAGAAAATGGAGCTGGAACTGGATGAACAGTTTATCCCCCTTTATCCTCTAATATTGCTCATGGAGGTAGATCAGTTGATTTAGCTATTTTCTCTCTTCATTTAGCTGGAATTTCTTCAATTTTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACAACTATTATTAACATGCGATTAAATAATATATTTTTTGATCAATTACCTTTATTTGTTTGAGCTGTCGGAATTACAGCATTTTTATTATTACTATCTTTACCAGTTTTAGCTGGGGCTATTACTATATTATTAACAGATCGAAATTTAAATACCTCATTTTTTGATCCTGCTGGAGGAGGAGATCCTATTCTATATCAACATTTATTT

amino acid sequence

TLYFIFGIWAGMIGTSLSLLIRAELGNPGSLIGDDQIYNTIVTAHAFIMIFFMVMPIMIGGFGNWLVPLMLGAPDMAFPRMNNMSFWLLPPSITLLISSSIVENGAGTGWTVYPPLSSNIAHGGSSVDLAIFSLHLAGISSILGAINFITTIINMRLNNMFFDQLPLFVWAVGITAFLLLLSLPVLAGAITMLLTDRNLNTSFFDPAGGGDPILYQHLF

Visual representation of DNA barcode sequence for Xanthorhoe clarkeata

Learn more about it’s BIN (Barcode Index Number): BOLD:AAH9158

97/150: An Ant Found Only In Canada

Animalia: Arthropoda: Insecta: Lepidoptera: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae: Myrmica: Myrmica quebecensis (Francoeur 1981)

The ant species Myrmica quebecensis is a species endemic to Canada with an interesting biology. Rather than sustaining their own colonies, these ants are social parasites that rely on the colonies of another ant species to survive. Continue reading “97/150: An Ant Found Only In Canada”

12/150: Meet the Vancouver Island Marmot for Groundhog Day!

animalia: Chordata: Mammalia: Rodentia: Sciuridae: Xerinae: Marmota: Marmota vancouverensis (Swarth, 1911)

This year, Ontario’s ever so fluctuating winter weather has everyone eagerly looking forward to Groundhog Day. As the groundhog emerges from their burrows, citizens of Ontario are on the edge of their seats as they wait to see if the groundhog sees its shadow, indicating the early or late arrival of spring. Continue reading “12/150: Meet the Vancouver Island Marmot for Groundhog Day!”