#Biodiversity150 number 96 of 150 Butterwort

96/150: Surprisingly the butterwort lacks both butter and warts, but it does eat insects!

Plantae: Magnoliophyta: Magnoliopsida: Lamiales: Pinguicula vulgaris (Linnaeus)

The common butterwort is an insectivorous plant that has some special basal leaves. The bright green leaves have glandular hairs that produce a sticky substance to trap insects and enzymes to break them down. Once an insect has been trapped, the plant curls its leaves in and digests it. The insects digested by this plant are not necessary for survival, but are eaten to obtain nitrogen, which is usually lacking in their habitat. Butterworts are a hardy circumpolar plant, typically found more north than most plant diversity. They can be found in moist alkaline habitats, like shorelines, northern fens, and marshy soils. The butterwort may look like an innocent violet from first glance, but in reality, this plant is quite an interesting predator. #Canada150 #Biodiversity150

A Common Butterwort plant in bloom. Photo Credit: Jörg Hempel goo.gl/NRQatJ
The basal leaves of the Common Butterwort, some insect prey can be seen captured by the sticky secretions of the glands on the leaves. Photo Credit: Björn S goo.gl/vuoWp8

Here’s the barcode sequence information for this species:

Process ID: MKPCH225-09

nucleotide sequence

AGTGTTGGATTCAAAGCGGGTGTTAAAGAGTACAAATTGACTTATTATACTCCTGAATACGAAACCAAAGATACAGATATCTTGGCAGCATTTCGAGTAACCCCTCAACCGGGGGTTCCACCGGAAGAAGCAGGGGCCGCAGTAGCTGCCGAATCTTCTACTGGTACATGGACAACTGTGTGGACCGATGGACTTACCAGCCTTGATCGTTACAAAGGACGATGCTACAACATCGAGCCTGTTCCTGGAGAAACAGATCAATATATCTGTTATGTAGCTTATCCTTTAGACCTTTTTGAAGAAGGTTCTGTTACTAACATGTTTACTTCCATTGTAGGAAATGTATTTGGATTCAAAGCCCTGCGTGCTCTACGTCTGGAGGATCTGCGAATCCCTCCTGCTTATGTTAAAACTTTCCAAGGACCGCCTCATGGAATCCAAGTTGAGAGAGATAAATTGAACAAGTATGGTCGTCCCCTGTTGGGATGTACTATTAAACCTAAATTGGGGTTATCTGCTAAAAACTACGGTAGAGCAGTTTATGAATGTCTT

amino acid sequence

SVGFKAGVKEYKLTYYTPEYETKDTDILAAFRVTPQPGVPPEEAGAAVAAESSTGTWTTVWTDGLTSLDRYKGRCYNIEPVPGETDQYICYVAYPLDLFEEGSVTNMFTSIVGNVFGFKALRALRLEDLRIPPAYVKTFQGPPHGIQVERDKLNKYGRPLLGCTIKPKLGLSAKNYGRAVYECL

Visual representation of DNA barcode sequence for Butterwort

Title Image: A Butterwort plant from Japan
Photo Credit: Qwert1234 goo.gl/wrjXL9

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