139/150: The Longnose Gar – Freaky Fish!


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Animalia: Chordata: Actinopterygii: Lepisosteiformes: Lepisosteidae: Lepisosteus: Lepisosteus osseus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The longnose gar can be found along the east coast of North and Central America.  It resides in freshwater lakes where there is plenty of vegetation, trees and stone outcrops.  The species is defined by its long snout, sharp teeth, elongated body and earthy colours of brown and white along its sides.  Longnose gar eat almost anything, ranging from other fishes, small insects to a variety of crustaceans. Longnose gars are survivors, this species has persisted over 100 million years and they can tolerate oxygen poor environments. Historically, these fish were caught to serve as a food source for settlers.  Today, the species continues to be fished but mostly for sport fishing as trophy pieces. #Canada150 #Biodiversity150

Specimen BCF-0012-2 – Fleuve St-Laurent, Quebec – 25-Sep-2005. Photo Credit: Royal Ontario Museum
Longnose gar in an aquarium. Photo Credit: Mat1583 goo.gl/ZX6jer

Here’s the barcode sequence information for this species:

Process ID: BCF181-07

nucleotide sequence

CCTTTATATAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTCGGAACCGCCCTGAGCCTCTTAATTCGAGCAGAACTAAGTCAGCCTGGAACCCTCCTTGGGGATGACCAAATTTATAATGTTATCGTTACAGCGCATGCTTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAGTTATAATCGGAGGATTTGGCAACTGGCTTGTGCCTCTAATAATCGGCGCCCCTGACATAGCCTTCCCCCGAATAAACAATATAAGCTTCTGACTTCTCCCACCTTCATTTCTTCTACTCCTAGCCTCATCAGGAATTGAAGCAGGGGCCGGAACAGGATGAACAGTCTATCCACCCCTGGCTAGCAATCTCGCACACGCAGGAGCATCAGTTGATCTAACCATTTTCTCCCTTCACTTAGCCGGTATTTCATCAATTCTAGGTGCCATCAATTTTATTACAACAATCCTAAACATGAAGCCACCAGCAGCTTCTCAATACCAAACGCCTCTATTTGTCTGATCTGTCTTAATTACTGCAGTCTTACTATTGCTCTCCCTGCCAGTCCTAGCCGCAGGTATTACGATACTATTAACAGACCGAAACCTTAATACCACCTTCTTTGATCCCGCAGGAGGAGGGGACCCCATTCTCTATCAACACTTA

amino acid sequence

LYMVFGAWAGMVGTALSLLIRAELSQPGTLLGDDQIYNVIVTAHAFVMIFFMVMPVMIGGFGNWLVPLMIGAPDMAFPRMNNMSFWLLPPSFLLLLASSGIEAGAGTGWTVYPPLASNLAHAGASVDLTIFSLHLAGISSILGAINFITTILNMKPPAASQYQTPLFVWSVLITAVLLLLSLPVLAAGITMLLTDRNLNTTFFDPAGGGDPILYQHL

Visual representation of DNA barcode sequence for Longnose gar

Learn more about it’s BIN (Barcode Index Number): BOLD:AAC8692